06-11-2020 Business Studies Notes Part -2

Today's Assignment 

Prepare a brief note on any four major Trade Centers In Ancient India  


Known as Patna today. It was not only a commercial town, but also a major centre for export of stones.  Now Pataliputra is Patna in Bihar

2)- Peshawar 

Famous  exporting centre for wool and for the import of horses

 3)- Taxila (Thakshashila )

Taxila was the  major centre on the important land route between India and Central Asia. 

4)- Indraprastha

Indraprastha was the commercial junction on the royal road where most routes leading to the east, west, south and north converged.Located in the region of present -day New Delhi 


Mathura was an emporium of trade and people here subsisted on commerce. It is the city in Present day  UP


Varanasi was a major centre of textile industry and became famous for beautiful gold silk  cloth and sandalwood workmanship. Varanasi is Located in UP

7)-  Mithila

 Mithila established trading colonies in South China, Mithila is one of the Major City In Bihar

8)- Ujjain

Very popular for Precious Stone ,Textiles etc -Now city in Madhya Pradesh  


It was the emporium of western trade during the Mughal period. Located in Present day In Gujarat 

10)- Kanchi

Kanchi was  here that the Chinese used to come in foreign ships to purchase pearls, glass and rare stones and in return they sold gold and silk. Present day Kanchipuram in Tamil Nadu  


It is the Capital city of Pandya Dynasty and also famous for Pearls .It is Located in Tamil Nadu 

12)- Broach

 It was the greatest seat of commerce in Western India.Prasent day Bharuch In Gujarat 

13)- Kaveripatta

 Kaveripatta  was the centre of trade for perfumes, cosmetics, scents, silk, wool, cotton, corals, pearls, gold and precious stones. Present Day Kaveripattnam in Tamil Nadu 


It was linked by road to Banaras and Taxila.City in West Bangal (Kolkata)

Qu-1)-What is the Major Export and Import items In Ancient India ?

a)-Export Items 

Spices, Wheat, Sugar, Indigo ,Opium  ,Sesame Oil , Cotton  

b)-Important Iteams 

Horses , Animal Product, Chinese Silk ,Flax and Linen ,wine ,Gold ,Silver ,Tin, Copper, Lead, Rubies, Coral ,Glass, Amber ,etc

Qu-2)-Decribe Position of Indian Subcontinent in World Economy (1 AD UP to 1991) 

Between the 1st and the 7th centuries CE, India is estimated to have the largest economy of the ancient and medieval world. One-fourth of the world's wealth (timeline). The country was often referred to as 'Swaranbhumi' and "Swarndweep' in the writings of many travellers, such as Megasthenes, Faxian  Xuanzang (Huen Tsang).

എ.ഡി 1 മുതൽ 7 വരെ നൂറ്റാണ്ടുകൾക്കിടയിൽ, പുരാതന, മധ്യകാല ലോകത്തിലെ ഏറ്റവും വലിയ സമ്പദ്‌വ്യവസ്ഥ ഇന്ത്യയിലുണ്ടെന്ന് കണക്കാക്കപ്പെടുന്നു.സഞ്ചാരികൾ സ്വർണദ്വീപ് ,സ്വർണഭൂമി എന്നാണ് പ്രാചിന ഇന്ത്യയെ വിശേഷിപ്പിച്ചത് 

How India begins to Reindustrialise After Independence ?

The  process of reconstruct the economy started and India went for Concentrate planning. The First Five Year Plan was implemented in 1952. Due importance was given to the establishment of modern industries.

The Indian economy could not develop at a rapid pace. The Indian economy is one of the fastest growing economies in the world today and a preferred FDI destination. The recent initiatives of the Government of India such as 'Make in India', Skill India', 'Digital India' and roll out of the Foreign Trade Policy (FTP 2015-20) is expected to help the economy in terms of exports and imports and International trade balance.

സ്വാതന്ത്രത്തിനു ശേഷം ഇന്ത്യൻ സമ്പദ്‌വ്യവസ്ഥയ്ക്ക് അതിവേഗം വികസിക്കാൻ കഴിഞ്ഞില്ല. എന്നാൽ ഇന്ന്  ഇന്ത്യൻ സമ്പദ്‌വ്യവസ്ഥ ഇന്ന് ലോകത്തിലെ അതിവേഗം വളരുന്ന സമ്പദ്‌വ്യവസ്ഥകളിലൊന്നാണ്. ഇന്ത്യാ ഗവൺമെന്റിന്റെ സമീപകാല സംരംഭങ്ങളായ 'മേക്ക് ഇൻ ഇന്ത്യ', സ്കിൽ ഇന്ത്യ, 'ഡിജിറ്റൽ ഇന്ത്യ'സാമ്പത്തിക പുരോഗതിയിലേക്കു ഇന്ത്യയെ നയിക്കുന്നു വിദേശ വ്യാപാര നയനയങ്ങൾ   കയറ്റുമതിയുടെയും ഇറക്കുമതിയുടെയും കാര്യത്തിൽ സമ്പദ്‌വ്യവസ്ഥയെ സഹായിക്കുമെന്ന് പ്രതീക്ഷിക്കുന്നു. അന്താരാഷ്ട്ര വ്യാപാര ബാലൻസ്.