Unit -01 Chapter -04

IF (Poem) - Rudyard Kipling

Joseph Rudyard Kipling (1865–1936),

An English short-story writer, poet, and novelist,

Is chiefly remembered for his tales and poems of British soldiers in India and his tales for children. 

His most famous work is “Jungle book". His books are classics of children's literature. Kipling was one of the most popular writers in England. In 1907 he was awarded Nobel Prize for Literature 

Kipling’s ‘If,’ perhaps his most famous poem, attracted immediate nationwide attention, and it soon became a popular anthem.

Word Meaning 

Didactic Poem = A Poem Which gives an Instruction and Moral Message 

ANAPHORA = It is the deliberate repetition of the first part of the sentence in order to achieve an artistic effect.

Traits =പ്രത്യേകതകള്‍

Blame = കുറ്റപ്പെടുത്തല്‍

Triumph =  വലിയവിജയം

Disaster = വലിയ നിര്‍ഭാഗ്യം

knave = തെമ്മാടി

Impostor = മറ്റൊരാളായഭിനയിക്കുന്നയാള്‍  -Pretend 

Knave = വഞ്ചകന്‍.

Qu)-The first stanza of ‘If’ speaks about the need for self-confidence. Do you agree? Why?

Yes, I agree with this statements  .Without self-confidence ,We cannot achieve anything .

Qu)-What does the poet say about patience?

According to the poet, Patience is an essential factor for achieving goals 

Qu)-Explain the poet’s views on honesty and fortitude of character.

Even if others lie about you, you should not lie. When others hate you, do not begin to hate others.

Todays Assignment 

1)-Describe the Poet Views on dreams and thoughts ?

According to the poet, there must be a balanced approach to dreams and thoughts. Do not allow dreams and thoughts to take over your life and destroy your peace of mind.

2)-Explain the idea given in the line 

If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster

And treat those two impostors just the same: 

According to the poem Triumph and Disaster are two impostors of life .The two lines stand for Success and  Failure .But we know that Success and Failure are temporary feelings .It will not last for a long time .That means we should not consider Triumph and Disaster as final