English Class 12  Date - 30-12-2020


Rudyard Kipling 

Write on your note book ( Class 11- Important Points )

The poem IF is a didactic monologue by Rudyard Kipling 

The poem is written in the form of paternal advice to poet's son about how to live his life and how to become a perfect man.

The father wants his son to be calm and composed. 

He should have complete faith in himself. 

Honesty and patience will help him to face any difficulty. 

He should be the master of his dreams and thoughts. 

He should be able to deal with triumph and disaster alike.

He should not be affected by the twisted tongues of knaves. 

He should have the spirit and will power to start again from nothingness.


SYMBOL: an object that stands for itself and a greater idea; it creates a direct, meaningful link between...

 a specific object, scene, character, or action


abstract ideas, values, persons or ways of life.

Sinew =Fibrous ,tissue uniting muscles to bone നാഡീബലം

'Hold on ' is  a Phrasal verbs

Phrase is a group of words which stands together as a unit. Phrasal verbs denote actions.

Hold on = Continue ,Keep going 


Substituting a part for whole or the whole for a part 

Todays Assignment 

Explain the ideas expressed the given lines ?

If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew

 To serve your turn long after they are gone, 

And so hold on when there is nothing in you 

Except the Will which says to them: “Hold on!”

Answer Points 

The poet says that sometimes everything in our life may be lost but we must have the confidence that we can get it all back with us.

We should take risks in our lives to achieve greater goals.

 If we lose everything we should stay calm and rebuild it from the beginning. 

We should develop mental strength and will power to hold on in the most difficult situation.

These lines speak of loss. Such circumstances may prompt us from the outset to repair our losses. Still, we should not despair or breathe a word about our loss. It only takes the willpower to hold on to any kind of loss in life.